THE WHITE HOUSE|
Office of Science and Technology Policy
For Immediate Release November 13, 2000
PRESIDENT CLINTON TO AWARD THE
NATION'S HIGHEST SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY HONORS
President Clinton announced today the recipients of the 2000
National Medals of Science and National Medals of Technology, the
nation's highest science and technology honors. The medals will be
conferred to the awardees at a ceremony at the National Building Museum
in Washington, D.C., on December 1, 2000.
"These exceptional scientists and engineers have transformed our
world and enhanced our daily lives," President Clinton said. "Their
imagination and ingenuity will continue to inspire future generations of
American scientists to remain at the cutting edge of scientific
discovery and technological innovation."
The National Medal of Science, established by Congress in 1959 and
administered by the National Science Foundation, honors individuals for
contributions to the present state of knowledge across a variety of
science frontiers. Including this year's recipients, the Medal of
Science has been awarded to 386 distinguished scientists and engineers.
More information about the National Medal of Science is available on the
web at .
The National Medal of Technology, established by Congress in 1980
and administered by the Department of Commerce, recognizes technological
innovation and advancement of the nation's global competitiveness, as
well as ground-breaking contributions that commercialize a technology,
create jobs, improve productivity, or stimulate the nation's growth and
development in other ways. To date, 115 individuals and 16 companies
have been honored with this award. More information about the National
Medal of Technology can be found at .
The awardees will be honored in Washington during the last week of
November with a series of special events. On December 1, from 10:00 am
to 11:30 am, all the laureates will take part in a roundtable discussion
for the media on the future of science and engineering education, at the
Horizon Ballroom of the Ronald Reagan Building. Following the
roundtable, the laureates will be available for individual media
The medals will be presented that evening at a black tie dinner at
the National Building Museum, hosted by the White House Office of
Science and Technology Policy, the National Medals of Science and
Technology Foundation, the National Science Foundation and the
Department of Commerce. There will be photo opportunities of the
laureates receiving their medals.
Live video satellite coverage of the December 1 Presidential awards
ceremony begins at approximately 7:30:
Ku Band Satellite C-Band Satellite
Telstar 4 K-13 Galaxy 3 C-23
Position 89 degrees 95 degrees
Downlink Frequency 12094 MHz (v) 4160 MHz (H)
A live webcast of the ceremony will also be available from the
Office of Science and Technology web page, located at www.ostp.gov and
from the National Science and Technology Medals Foundation, located at
2000 National Medal of Science Awardees
Gary Becker, University of Chicago
Becker pioneered the economic analysis of racial discrimination and led
recent developments in how social forces shape individual economic
Nancy C. Andreasen, University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics
Andreasen's pivotal contributions included joining behavioral science
with the technologies of neuroscience and neuroimaging in order to
understand processes such as memory and creativity.
Peter H. Raven, Missouri Botanical Garden and Washington University
Raven has become one of the world's leading authorities on plant
systematics and evolution, introduced the concept of coevolution and is
a leader in international efforts to preserve biodiversity.
Carl R. Woese, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Woese's work in proposing the notion that there are three primary
evolutionary domains into which all living things may be classified led
to a quantitative map, or universal tree of life, by which the diversity
of all life can be assessed.
John D. Baldeschwieler, California Institute of Technology
Baldeschwieler's work in molecular assemblies led to practical
pharmaceutical products and instrumentation. He developed Ion Cyclotron
Resonance Spectroscopy, an important tool for chemical and biochemical
analysis that led to a new scientific field providing unique ways to
study molecular structure and reactivity.
Ralph F. Hirschmann, University of Pennsylvania
Hirschmann's work in several fields of chemistry with Merck & Co., Inc.,
led to the development of many life-saving medicines. As the University
of Pennsylvania's first Research Professor in Chemistry, he established
a collaborative research program between the university and industry
leading to continued discoveries of biomedical importance.
Yuan-Cheng B. Fung, University of California - San Diego
Fung's theory of aeroelasticity formed the defining ideas in how
aero-structures interact with aerodynamic flows, an important
contribution to aerospace engineering. Applying analytical methods of
mechanics to the study of biological tissues, he contributed new
concepts in the field of biomechanics in which engineering principles
are used to solve important biomedical problems.
John Griggs Thompson, University of Florida - Gainesville
Thompson is considered one of the foremost group theorists of all time,
and his name is associated with one of the monumental achievements of
the 20th Century - the classification of all finite simple groups. He
was awarded the Fields Medal in 1970, the highest international honor in
mathematics, regarded by some as the mathematics equivalent to a Nobel
Karen K. Uhlenbeck, University of Texas - Austin
Uhlenbeck made pioneering contributions to global analysis and gauge
theory that resulted in advances in mathematical physics and the theory
of partial differential equations. She is considered a founder of
geometry based on analytical methods. She is also a leader in
encouraging young women to study mathematics.
Willis E. Lamb, University of Arizona - Tucson
Lamb won the 1955 Nobel Prize for experimental work on hydrogen that
revealed a new relativistic quantum effect. His work became one of the
foundations of quantum electrodynamics. He also pioneered the field of
Jeremiah P. Ostriker, Princeton University
Ostriker's contributions in astrophysics revolutionized concepts of the
nature of pulsars, the sizes and masses of galaxies, and the nature and
distribution of matter in the universe.
Gilbert F. White, University of Colorado - Boulder
White achieved national attention for his approaches on using
non-structural means to reduce damage from flooding. His research on
the use of floodplains and their full range of social costs and benefits
in different locales provided the basis for a new research paradigm and
new public policy.
2000 National Medal of Technology Awardees
Douglas C. Engelbart, Bootstrap Institute
For creating the foundations of personal computing including continuous,
real-time interaction based on cathode-ray tube displays and the mouse,
hypertext linking, text editing, on-line journals, shared-screen
tele-conferencing, and remote collaborative work.
Dean Kamen, DEKA Research & Development Corporation
For inventions that have advanced medical care worldwide, and for
innovative and imaginative leadership in awakening America to the
excitement of science and technology.
Donald B. Keck, Corning Incorporated
Robert D. Maurer, Corning Incorporated
Peter C. Schultz, Heraeus Amersil, Inc.
For the invention of low-loss optical fiber, which has enabled the
telecommunications revolution, rapidly transforming our society, the way
we work, learn and live - and our expectations for the future. It is
the basis for one of the largest most dynamic industries in the world
The IBM Corporation, Louis V. Gerstner, CEO, accepting
For 40 years of innovations in the technology of hard disk drives and
information storage products.