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Preferred Tools and Commands
For the Beginner

Commonly Used Win9x/NT Commands

  • Ping ...verifies connections to a remote computer or computers. Although not utilized to the maximum potential by beginner's due to the mulitude of "scripts", this is still one of the most insightful tools used.

  • NetStat ...displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP network connections. This command is available only if the TCP/IP protocol has been installed.

  • NbtStat ... is a dianostic command displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT (NetBIOS over TCP/IP). This command is available only if the TCP/IP protocol has been installed.

  • Tracert ...This diagnostic utility determines the route taken to a destination by sending Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo packets with varying Time-To-Live (TTL) values to the destination.

  • Net View ...Displays a list of domains, a list of computers, or the resources being shared by the specified computer.

  • Net Use ...Connects a computer to or disconnects a computer from a shared resource, or displays information about computer connections. The command also controls persistent net connections.

  • Nslookup ...This diagnostic tool displays information from Domain Name System (DNS) name servers. Before using this tool, you should be familiar with how DNS works. Nslookup is available only if the TCP/IP protocol has been installed.

    A complete guide to NT Commands can be found here. (Alot of these commands can be used with 9x also.)


    Commonly Used Win9x/NT Tools

  • Winipcfg ... This is on your Win9x box or "ipconfig" on an NT machine, I bet you didnt even know it. Run this program from Explorer or from the "Run" command under the Start-Menu. It will show you the current Network Properties for Network/Dialup Adapters.

    Windows9x Target = "winipcfg.exe"
    WinNT Target = "ipconfig.exe"

  • NetLab ...A multithreaded Windows 95/NT Winsock compliant application that has the following features: Finger service, WhoIs service, Ping, Traceroute, DayTime, PC's clock synchronization, Quote of the day, DNS lookup, Port scan and more.

  • ZoneAlarm A very basic firewall that is preconfigured. A very good introduction into firewall basics. This program has been reported to false alarm on several occations. However, although a but irritating at times, it is simple to install, and seems to work fine.


    Comments? Questions? Bugs? John Holstein

    Return to the Help Desk


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