NAME
Tcl_SetObjVar2, Tcl_SetVar, Tcl_SetVar2, Tcl_GetObjVar2, Tcl_GetVar, Tcl_GetVar2, Tcl_UnsetVar, Tcl_UnsetVar2 - manipulate Tcl variables
SYNOPSIS
ARGUMENTS
DESCRIPTION
TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY
TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY
TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG
TCL_APPEND_VALUE
TCL_LIST_ELEMENT
SEE ALSO
KEYWORDS

NAME

Tcl_SetObjVar2, Tcl_SetVar, Tcl_SetVar2, Tcl_GetObjVar2, Tcl_GetVar, Tcl_GetVar2, Tcl_UnsetVar, Tcl_UnsetVar2 - manipulate Tcl variables

SYNOPSIS

#include <tcl.h>
Tcl_Obj *
Tcl_SetObjVar2(interp, name1, name2, newValuePtr, flags)
char *
Tcl_SetVar(interp, varName, newValue, flags)
char *
Tcl_SetVar2(interp, name1, name2, newValue, flags)
Tcl_Obj *
Tcl_GetObjVar2(interp, name1, name2, flags)
char *
Tcl_GetVar(interp, varName, flags)
char *
Tcl_GetVar2(interp, name1, name2, flags)
int
Tcl_UnsetVar(interp, varName, flags)
int
Tcl_UnsetVar2(interp, name1, name2, flags)

ARGUMENTS

Tcl_Interp *interp (in)
Interpreter containing variable.

char *name1 (in)
Contains the name of an array variable (if name2 is non-NULL) or (if name2 is NULL) either the name of a scalar variable or a complete name including both variable name and index. May include :: namespace qualifiers to specify a variable in a particular namespace.

char *name2 (in)
If non-NULL, gives name of element within array; in this case name1 must refer to an array variable.

Tcl_Obj *newValuePtr (in)
Points to a Tcl object containing the new value for the variable.

int flags (in)
OR-ed combination of bits providing additional information. See below for valid values.

char *varName (in)
Name of variable. May include :: namespace qualifiers to specify a variable in a particular namespace. May refer to a scalar variable or an element of an array. If the name references an element of an array, then the name must be in writable memory: Tcl will make temporary modifications to it while looking up the name.

char *newValue (in)
New value for variable, specified as a NULL-terminated string. A copy of this value is stored in the variable.

DESCRIPTION

These procedures are used to create, modify, read, and delete Tcl variables from C code.

Tcl_SetObjVar2, Tcl_SetVar, and Tcl_SetVar2 will create a new variable or modify an existing one. These procedures set the given variable to the value given by newValuePtr or newValue and return a pointer to the variable's new value, which is stored in Tcl's variable structure. Tcl_SetObjVar2 takes the new value as a Tcl_Obj and returns a pointer to a Tcl_Obj. Tcl_SetVar and Tcl_SetVar2 take the new value as a string and return a string; they are usually less efficient than Tcl_SetObjVar2. Note that the return value may be different than the newValuePtr or newValue argument, due to modifications made by write traces. If an error occurs in setting the variable (e.g. an array variable is referenced without giving an index into the array) NULL is returned and an error message is left in interp's result if the TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG flag bit is set.

Tcl_GetObjVar2, Tcl_GetVar, and Tcl_GetVar2 return the current value of a variable. The arguments to these procedures are treated in the same way as the arguments as the procedures above. Under normal circumstances, the return value is a pointer to the variable's value. For Tcl_GetObjVar2 the value is returned as a pointer to a Tcl_Obj. For Tcl_GetVar and Tcl_GetVar2 the value is returned as a string; this is usually less efficient, so Tcl_GetObjVar2 is preferred. If an error occurs while reading the variable (e.g. the variable doesn't exist or an array element is specified for a scalar variable), then NULL is returned and an error message is left in interp's result if the TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG flag bit is set.

Tcl_UnsetVar and Tcl_UnsetVar2 may be used to remove a variable, so that future attempts to read the variable will return an error. The arguments to these procedures are treated in the same way as the arguments to the procedures above. If the variable is successfully removed then TCL_OK is returned. If the variable cannot be removed because it doesn't exist then TCL_ERROR is returned and an error message is left in interp's result if the TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG flag bit is set. If an array element is specified, the given element is removed but the array remains. If an array name is specified without an index, then the entire array is removed.

The name of a variable may be specified to these procedures in four ways:

[1]
If Tcl_SetVar, Tcl_GetVar, or Tcl_UnsetVar is invoked, the variable name is given as a single string, varName. If varName contains an open parenthesis and ends with a close parenthesis, then the value between the parentheses is treated as an index (which can have any string value) and the characters before the first open parenthesis are treated as the name of an array variable. If varName doesn't have parentheses as described above, then the entire string is treated as the name of a scalar variable.

[2]
If the name1 and name2 arguments are provided and name2 is non-NULL, then an array element is specified and the array name and index have already been separated by the caller: name1 contains the name and name2 contains the index. An error is generated if name1 contains an open parenthesis and ends with a close parenthesis (array element) and name2 is non-NULL.

[3]
If name2 is NULL, name1 is treated just like varName in case [1] above (it can be either a scalar or an array element variable name).

The flags argument may be used to specify any of several options to the procedures. It consists of an OR-ed combination of the following bits.

TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY
Under normal circumstances the procedures look up variables as follows. If a procedure call is active in interp, the variable is looked up at the current level of procedure call. Otherwise, the variable is looked up first in the current namespace, then in the global namespace. However, if this bit is set in flags then the variable is looked up only in the global namespace even if there is a procedure call active. If both TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY and TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY are given, TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY is ignored.

TCL_NAMESPACE_ONLY
If this bit is set in flags then the variable is looked up only in the current namespace; if a procedure is active its variables are ignored, and the global namespace is also ignored unless it is the current namespace.

TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG
If an error is returned and this bit is set in flags, then an error message will be left in the interpreter's result, where it can be retrieved with Tcl_GetObjResult or Tcl_GetStringResult. If this flag bit isn't set then no error message is left and the interpreter's result will not be modified.

TCL_APPEND_VALUE
If this bit is set then newValuePtr or newValue is appended to the current value instead of replacing it. If the variable is currently undefined, then the bit is ignored. This bit is only used by the Tcl_Set* procedures.

TCL_LIST_ELEMENT
If this bit is set, then newValue is converted to a valid Tcl list element before setting (or appending to) the variable. A separator space is appended before the new list element unless the list element is going to be the first element in a list or sublist (i.e. the variable's current value is empty, or contains the single character ``{'', or ends in `` }'').

Tcl_GetVar and Tcl_GetVar2 return the current value of a variable. The arguments to these procedures are treated in the same way as the arguments to Tcl_SetVar and Tcl_SetVar2. Under normal circumstances, the return value is a pointer to the variable's value (which is stored in Tcl's variable structure and will not change before the next call to Tcl_SetVar or Tcl_SetVar2). Tcl_GetVar and Tcl_GetVar2 use the flag bits TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY and TCL_LEAVE_ERR_MSG, both of which have the same meaning as for Tcl_SetVar. If an error occurs in reading the variable (e.g. the variable doesn't exist or an array element is specified for a scalar variable), then NULL is returned.

Tcl_UnsetVar and Tcl_UnsetVar2 may be used to remove a variable, so that future calls to Tcl_GetVar or Tcl_GetVar2 for the variable will return an error. The arguments to these procedures are treated in the same way as the arguments to Tcl_GetVar and Tcl_GetVar2. If the variable is successfully removed then TCL_OK is returned. If the variable cannot be removed because it doesn't exist then TCL_ERROR is returned. If an array element is specified, the given element is removed but the array remains. If an array name is specified without an index, then the entire array is removed.

SEE ALSO

Tcl_GetObjResult, Tcl_GetStringResult, Tcl_TraceVar

KEYWORDS

array, get variable, interpreter, object, scalar, set, unset, variable
Copyright © 1989-1993 The Regents of the University of California.
Copyright © 1994-1997 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Copyright © 1995-1997 Roger E. Critchlow Jr.