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Church Of The
Swimming Elephant




Copies files and directories, including subdirectories.

xcopy source [destination] [/w] [/p] [/c] [/v] [/q] [/f] [/l] [/d[:date]] [/u] [/i] [/s [/e]] [/t] [/k] [/r] [/h] [/a|/m] [/n] [/exclude:filename] [/z]



Specifies the location and names of the files you want to copy. Source must include either a drive or a path.


Specifies the destination of the files you want to copy. Destination can include a drive letter and colon, a directory name, a filename, or a combination.


Displays the following message and waits for your response before starting to copy files:

Press any key to begin copying file(s)


Prompts you to confirm whether you want to create each destination file.


Ignores errors.


Verifies each file as it is written to the destination file to make sure that the destination files are identical to the source files. This switch is ignored because the functionality is inherent to the Windows NT operating system. The switch is accepted only for compatibility with previous versions of MS-DOS.


Supresses display of xcopy messages.


Displays source and destination filenames while copying.


Does not copy files, only displays (lists) files that would be copied.


Copies only source files changed on or after the specified date. If the date value is missing, xcopy copies all source files that are newer than the time of existing destination files. This option allows you to update only files that have changed. If you specify a date, use a "-" as the separator rather than a "/" so that the date is not interpreted as another parameter.


Copies (updates) only files from source that exist on destination.


If source is a directory or contains wildcards, and destination does not exist, xcopy assumes destination specifies a directory name and creates a new directory then copies all specified files into the new directory. By default, xcopy will prompt you to specify whether destination is a file or directory.


Copies directories and subdirectories, unless they are empty. If you omit this switch, xcopy works within a single directory.


Copies all subdirectories, even if they are empty. Used with the /s and /t switches.


Copies only subdirectory structure (tree), not files. To copy empty directories, you must include the /e switch.


Copies files and retains the read-only attribute on destination files if present on the source files. By default, the read-only attribute is removed.


Copies over read-only files.


Copies files with the hidden and system file attributes. Xcopy will not copy hidden or system files by default.


Copies only source files that have their archive file attributes set. This switch does not modify the archive file attribute of the source file. For information about how to set the archive file attribute, see the attrib command.


Copies source files that have their archive file attributes set. Unlike the /a switch, the /m switch turns off archive file attributes in the files specified in source. For information about how to set the archive file attribute, see the attrib command.


Copies using NTFS short file or directory names. This switch is required when copying files or directories from an NTFS volume to a FAT volume or when the FAT file system naming convention (8.3) is required on the destination volume. The destination file system may be FAT or NTFS.


Excludes the files listed in the specified file from the copy operation. The exclusion file can have a list of exclusion patterns (one per line, no wild card characters are supported). If any exclusion pattern in the file matches any part of the path of a subject file, that file is not copied.


Copies over a network in restartable mode.

See Also

ntcmds00000001.gif Copy

ntcmds00000001.gif Move

ntcmds00000001.gif Dir

More Information About Xcopy

ntcmds00000001.gif Xcopy--Notes

ntcmds00000001.gif Xcopy--Examples


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