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Append--Notes

Storing the list of appended directories in the environment

You can use the /e switch with append to assign the list of appended directories to an environment variable named append. To do this, first use the append command with only the /e switch. Then use append again, this time including the directories you want to append. You cannot specify /e and [drive:]path on the same command line.

Specifying multiple appended directories

To append more than one directory, separate multiple entries with semicolons. If you use the append command with the [drive:]path parameters again, the specified directory or directories replace any directories specified in a previous append command.

Appended directories and the dir command

The dir command does not add filenames from appended directories to directory listings produced by the dir command.

Filename conflicts

If a file in an appended directory has the same name as a file in the current directory, programs open the file in the current directory.

Using append with programs that create new files

When a program opens a file in an appended directory, the file can be found as if it were in the current directory. If the program then saves the file by creating a new file with the same name, the new file is created in the current directory (not the appended directory). The append command is appropriately used for data files that are not to be modified or that are to be modified without creating new copies of the files. Database programs often modify data files without making new copies. Text editors and word processors, however, usually save modified data files by making new copies. To avoid confusion, you might want to avoid using append with these programs.

Using the /x:on switch and the path command

When /x:on is specified, you can run a program located in an appended directory by typing the program name at the command prompt. Usually, you use the path command to specify directories that contain programs. However, when your program is in an appended directory, you do not need to use the path command to specify that directory. Windows NT finds a program in an appended directory by following the usual order in which Windows NT searches for a program; that is, first in the current directory, then in the appended directories, and then in the search path.

More Information About Append

ntcmds00000001.gif Append--Examples

ntcmds00000001.gif Append

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