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5.4. SEQUENCING OF COMMANDS AND REPLIES Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
5.4. SEQUENCING OF COMMANDS AND REPLIES

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Up: RFC 959
Up: 5. DECLARATIVE SPECIFICATIONS
Prev: 5.3. COMMANDS
Next: 6. STATE DIAGRAMS

5.4. SEQUENCING OF COMMANDS AND REPLIES

5.4. SEQUENCING OF COMMANDS AND REPLIES

The communication between the user and server is intended to be an alternating dialogue. As such, the user issues an FTP command and the server responds with a prompt primary reply. The user should wait for this initial primary success or failure response before sending further commands.

Certain commands require a second reply for which the user should also wait. These replies may, for example, report on the progress or completion of file transfer or the closing of the data connection. They are secondary replies to file transfer commands.

One important group of informational replies is the connection greetings. Under normal circumstances, a server will send a 220 reply, "awaiting input", when the connection is completed. The user should wait for this greeting message before sending any commands. If the server is unable to accept input right away, a 120 "expected delay" reply should be sent immediately and a 220 reply when ready. The user will then know not to hang up if there is a delay.

Spontaneous Replies

Sometimes "the system" spontaneously has a message to be sent to a user (usually all users). For example, "System going down in 15 minutes". There is no provision in FTP for such spontaneous information to be sent from the server to the user. It is recommended that such information be queued in the server-PI and delivered to the user-PI in the next reply (possibly making it a multi-line reply).

The table below lists alternative success and failure replies for each command. These must be strictly adhered to; a server may substitute text in the replies, but the meaning and action implied by the code numbers and by the specific command reply sequence cannot be altered.

Command-Reply Sequences

In this section, the command-reply sequence is presented. Each command is listed with its possible replies; command groups are listed together. Preliminary replies are listed first (with their succeeding replies indented and under them), then positive and negative completion, and finally intermediary replies with the remaining commands from the sequence following. This listing forms the basis for the state diagrams, which will be presented separately.

            Connection Establishment
               120
                  220
               220
               421
            Login
               USER
                  230
                  530
                  500, 501, 421
                  331, 332
               PASS
                  230
                  202
                  530
                  500, 501, 503, 421
                  332
               ACCT
                  230
                  202
                  530
                  500, 501, 503, 421
               CWD
                  250
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530, 550
               CDUP
                  200
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530, 550
               SMNT
                  202, 250
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530, 550
            Logout
               REIN
                  120
                     220
                  220
                  421
                  500, 502
               QUIT
                  221
                  500

            Transfer parameters
               PORT
                  200
                  500, 501, 421, 530
               PASV
                  227
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530
               MODE
                  200
                  500, 501, 504, 421, 530
               TYPE
                  200
                  500, 501, 504, 421, 530
               STRU
                  200
                  500, 501, 504, 421, 530
            File action commands
               ALLO
                  200
                  202
                  500, 501, 504, 421, 530
               REST
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530
                  350
               STOR
                  125, 150
                     (110)
                     226, 250
                     425, 426, 451, 551, 552
                  532, 450, 452, 553
                  500, 501, 421, 530
               STOU
                  125, 150
                     (110)
                     226, 250
                     425, 426, 451, 551, 552
                  532, 450, 452, 553
                  500, 501, 421, 530
               RETR
                  125, 150
                     (110)
                     226, 250
                     425, 426, 451
                  450, 550
                  500, 501, 421, 530

               LIST
                  125, 150
                     226, 250
                     425, 426, 451
                  450
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530
               NLST
                  125, 150
                     226, 250
                     425, 426, 451
                  450
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530
               APPE
                  125, 150
                     (110)
                     226, 250
                     425, 426, 451, 551, 552
                  532, 450, 550, 452, 553
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530
               RNFR
                  450, 550
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530
                  350
               RNTO
                  250
                  532, 553
                  500, 501, 502, 503, 421, 530
               DELE
                  250
                  450, 550
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530
               RMD
                  250
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530, 550
               MKD
                  257
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530, 550
               PWD
                  257
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 550
               ABOR
                  225, 226
                  500, 501, 502, 421

            Informational commands
               SYST
                  215
                  500, 501, 502, 421
               STAT
                  211, 212, 213
                  450
                  500, 501, 502, 421, 530
               HELP
                  211, 214
                  500, 501, 502, 421
            Miscellaneous commands
               SITE
                  200
                  202
                  500, 501, 530
               NOOP
                  200
                  500 421


Next: 6. STATE DIAGRAMS

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
5.4. SEQUENCING OF COMMANDS AND REPLIES

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