blank.gif (43 bytes)

Church Of The
Swimming Elephant

7.2 RTCP Processing in Translators Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
7.2 RTCP Processing in Translators

Up: Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
Up: Requests For Comments
Up: RFC 1889
Up: 7. RTP Translators and Mixers
Prev: 7.1 General Description
Next: 7.3 RTCP Processing in Mixers

7.2 RTCP Processing in Translators

7.2 RTCP Processing in Translators

In addition to forwarding data packets, perhaps modified, translators and mixers must also process RTCP packets. In many cases, they will take apart the compound RTCP packets received from end systems to aggregate SDES information and to modify the SR or RR packets. Retransmission of this information may be triggered by the packet arrival or by the RTCP interval timer of the translator or mixer itself.

A translator that does not modify the data packets, for example one that just replicates between a multicast address and a unicast address, may simply forward RTCP packets unmodified as well. A translator that transforms the payload in some way must make corresponding transformations in the SR and RR information so that it still reflects the characteristics of the data and the reception quality. These translators must not simply forward RTCP packets. In general, a translator should not aggregate SR and RR packets from different sources into one packet since that would reduce the accuracy of the propagation delay measurements based on the LSR and DLSR fields.

SR sender information
A translator does not generate its own sender information, but forwards the SR packets received from one cloud to the others. The SSRC is left intact but the sender information must be modified if required by the translation. If a translator changes the data encoding, it must change the "sender's byte count" field. If it also combines several data packets into one output packet, it must change the "sender's packet count" field. If it changes the timestamp frequency, it must change the "RTP timestamp" field in the SR packet.

SR/RR reception report blocks
A translator forwards reception reports received from one cloud to the others. Note that these flow in the direction opposite to the data. The SSRC is left intact. If a translator combines several data packets into one output packet, and therefore changes the sequence numbers, it must make the inverse manipulation for the packet loss fields and the "extended last sequence number" field. This may be complex. In the extreme case, there may be no meaningful way to translate the reception reports, so the translator may pass on no reception report at all or a synthetic report based on its own reception. The general rule is to do what makes sense for a particular translation.

A translator does not require an SSRC identifier of its own, but may choose to allocate one for the purpose of sending reports about what it has received. These would be sent to all the connected clouds, each corresponding to the translation of the data stream as sent to that cloud, since reception reports are normally multicast to all participants.

Translators typically forward without change the SDES information they receive from one cloud to the others, but may, for example, decide to filter non-CNAME SDES information if bandwidth is limited. The CNAMEs must be forwarded to allow SSRC identifier collision detection to work. A translator that generates its own RR packets must send SDES CNAME information about itself to the same clouds that it sends those RR packets.

Translators forward BYE packets unchanged. Translators with their own SSRC should generate BYE packets with that SSRC identifier if they are about to cease forwarding packets.

Translators forward APP packets unchanged.

Next: 7.3 RTCP Processing in Mixers

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
7.2 RTCP Processing in Translators


Protect yourself from cyberstalkers, identity thieves, and those who would snoop on you.
Stop spam from invading your inbox without losing the mail you want. We give you more control over your e-mail than any other service.
Block popups, ads, and malicious scripts while you surf the net through our anonymous proxies.
Participate in Usenet, host your web files, easily send anonymous messages, and more, much more.
All private, all encrypted, all secure, all in an easy to use service, and all for only $5.95 a month!

Service Details

Have you gone to church today?
All pages ©1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 Church of the Swimming Elephant unless otherwise stated
Church of the Swimming Elephant©1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 is a wholly owned subsidiary of Packetderm, LLC.

Packetderm, LLC
210 Park Ave #308
Worcester, MA 01609