blank.gif (43 bytes)

Church Of The
Swimming Elephant

Search:
3.3.17 Procedure 17: READDIRPLUS - Extended read from directory Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
3.3.17 Procedure 17: READDIRPLUS - Extended read from directory

Up: Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
Up: Requests For Comments
Up: RFC 1813
Up: 3. Server Procedures
Up: 3.3. Procedure Descriptions
Prev: 3.3.16 Procedure 16: READDIR - Read From Directory
Next: 3.3.18 Procedure 18: FSSTAT - Get dynamic file system information

3.3.17 Procedure 17: READDIRPLUS - Extended read from directory

3.3.17 Procedure 17: READDIRPLUS - Extended read from directory

SYNOPSIS

      READDIRPLUS3res NFSPROC3_READDIRPLUS(READDIRPLUS3args) = 17;

      struct READDIRPLUS3args {
           nfs_fh3      dir;
           cookie3      cookie;
           cookieverf3  cookieverf;
           count3       dircount;
           count3       maxcount;
      };

      struct entryplus3 {
           fileid3      fileid;
           filename3    name;
           cookie3      cookie;
           post_op_attr name_attributes;
           post_op_fh3  name_handle;
           entryplus3   *nextentry;
      };

      struct dirlistplus3 {
           entryplus3   *entries;
           bool         eof;
      };

      struct READDIRPLUS3resok {
           post_op_attr dir_attributes;
           cookieverf3  cookieverf;
           dirlistplus3 reply;
      };

      struct READDIRPLUS3resfail {
           post_op_attr dir_attributes;
      };

      union READDIRPLUS3res switch (nfsstat3 status) {
      case NFS3_OK:
           READDIRPLUS3resok   resok;
      default:
           READDIRPLUS3resfail resfail;
      };

DESCRIPTION

Procedure READDIRPLUS retrieves a variable number of entries from a file system directory and returns complete information about each along with information to allow the client to request additional directory entries in a subsequent READDIRPLUS. READDIRPLUS differs from READDIR only in the amount of information returned for each entry. In READDIR, each entry returns the filename and the fileid. In READDIRPLUS, each entry returns the name, the fileid, attributes (including the fileid), and file handle. On entry, the arguments in READDIRPLUS3args are:

dir

The file handle for the directory to be read.

cookie

This should be set to 0 on the first request to read a directory. On subsequent requests, it should be a cookie as returned by the server.

cookieverf

This should be set to 0 on the first request to read a directory. On subsequent requests, it should be a cookieverf as returned by the server. The cookieverf must match that returned by the READDIRPLUS call in which the cookie was acquired.

dircount

The maximum number of bytes of directory information returned. This number should not include the size of the attributes and file handle portions of the result.

maxcount

The maximum size of the READDIRPLUS3resok structure, in bytes. The size must include all XDR overhead. The server is free to return fewer than maxcount bytes of data.

On successful return, READDIRPLUS3res.status is NFS3_OK and READDIRPLUS3res.resok contains:

dir_attributes

The attributes of the directory, dir.

cookieverf

The cookie verifier.

reply

The directory list:

entries

Zero or more directory (entryplus3) entries.

eof

TRUE if the last member of reply.entries is the last entry in the directory or the list reply.entries is empty and the cookie corresponded to the end of the directory. If FALSE, there may be more entries to read.

Otherwise, READDIRPLUS3res.status contains the error on failure and READDIRPLUS3res.resfail contains the following:

dir_attributes

The attributes of the directory, dir.

IMPLEMENTATION

Issues that need to be understood for this procedure include increased cache flushing activity on the client (as new file handles are returned with names which are entered into caches) and over-the-wire overhead versus expected subsequent LOOKUP elimination. It is thought that this procedure may improve performance for directory browsing where attributes are always required as on the Apple Macintosh operating system and for MS-DOS.

The dircount and maxcount fields are included as an optimization. Consider a READDIRPLUS call on a UNIX operating system implementation for 1048 bytes; the reply does not contain many entries because of the overhead due to attributes and file handles. An alternative is to issue a READDIRPLUS call for 8192 bytes and then only use the first 1048 bytes of directory information. However, the server doesn't know that all that is needed is 1048 bytes of directory information (as would be returned by READDIR). It sees the 8192 byte request and issues a VOP_READDIR for 8192 bytes. It then steps through all of those directory entries, obtaining attributes and file handles for each entry. When it encodes the result, the server only encodes until it gets 8192 bytes of results which include the attributes and file handles. Thus, it has done a larger VOP_READDIR and many more attribute fetches than it needed to. The ratio of the directory entry size to the size of the attributes plus the size of the file handle is usually at least 8 to 1. The server has done much more work than it needed to.

The solution to this problem is for the client to provide two counts to the server. The first is the number of bytes of directory information that the client really wants, dircount. The second is the maximum number of bytes in the result, including the attributes and file handles, maxcount. Thus, the server will issue a VOP_READDIR for only the number of bytes that the client really wants to get, not an inflated number. This should help to reduce the size of VOP_READDIR requests on the server, thus reducing the amount of work done there, and to reduce the number of VOP_LOOKUP, VOP_GETATTR, and other calls done by the server to construct attributes and file handles.

ERRORS

NFS3ERR_IO NFS3ERR_ACCES NFS3ERR_NOTDIR NFS3ERR_BAD_COOKIE NFS3ERR_TOOSMALL NFS3ERR_STALE NFS3ERR_BADHANDLE NFS3ERR_NOTSUPP NFS3ERR_SERVERFAULT

SEE ALSO READDIR.


Next: 3.3.18 Procedure 18: FSSTAT - Get dynamic file system information

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
3.3.17 Procedure 17: READDIRPLUS - Extended read from directory

Cotse.Net

Protect yourself from cyberstalkers, identity thieves, and those who would snoop on you.
Stop spam from invading your inbox without losing the mail you want. We give you more control over your e-mail than any other service.
Block popups, ads, and malicious scripts while you surf the net through our anonymous proxies.
Participate in Usenet, host your web files, easily send anonymous messages, and more, much more.
All private, all encrypted, all secure, all in an easy to use service, and all for only $5.95 a month!

Service Details

 
.
www.cotse.com
Have you gone to church today?
.
All pages ©1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 Church of the Swimming Elephant unless otherwise stated
Church of the Swimming Elephant©1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 Cotse.com.
Cotse.com is a wholly owned subsidiary of Packetderm, LLC.

Packetderm, LLC
210 Park Ave #308
Worcester, MA 01609