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F.1.2 Protocol Walk-through Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
F.1.2 Protocol Walk-through

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Up: F.1 EXTERIOR GATEWAY PROTOCOL - EGP
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Next: F.2 ROUTING INFORMATION PROTOCOL - RIP

F.1.2 Protocol Walk-through

F.1.2 Protocol Walk-through

Indirect Neighbors: RFC-888, page 26

An implementation of EGP MUST include indirect neighbor support.

Polling Intervals: RFC-904, page 10

The interval between Hello command retransmissions and the interval between Poll retransmissions SHOULD be configurable but there MUST be a minimum value defined.

The interval at which an implementation will respond to Hello commands and Poll commands SHOULD be configurable but there MUST be a minimum value defined.

Network Reachability: RFC-904, page 15

An implementation MUST default to not providing the external list of routers in other autonomous systems; only the internal list of routers together with the nets that are reachable through those routers should be included in an Update Response/Indication packet. However, an implementation MAY elect to provide a configuration option enabling the external list to be provided. An implementation MUST NOT include in the external list routers that were learned through the external list provided by a router in another autonomous system. An implementation MUST NOT send a network back to the autonomous system from which it is learned, i.e. it MUST do split- horizon on an autonomous system level.

If more than 255 internal or 255 external routers need to be specified in a Network Reachability update, the networks reachable from routers that can not be listed MUST be merged into the list for one of the listed routers. Which of the listed routers is chosen for this purpose SHOULD be user configurable, but SHOULD default to the source address of the EGP update being generated.

An EGP update contains a series of blocks of network numbers, where each block contains a list of network numbers reachable at a particular distance through a particular router. If more than 255 networks are reachable at a particular distance through a particular router, they are split into multiple blocks (all of which have the same distance). Similarly, if more than 255 blocks are required to list the networks reachable through a particular router, the router's address is listed as many times as necessary to include all the blocks in the update.

Unsolicited Updates: RFC-904, page 16

If a network is shared with the peer, an implementation MUST send an unsolicited update upon entry to the Up state if the source network is the shared network.

Neighbor Reachability: RFC-904, page 6, 13-15

The table on page 6 that describes the values of j and k (the neighbor up and down thresholds) is incorrect. It is reproduced correctly here:

      Name    Active  Passive Description
      -----------------------------------------------
       j         3       1    neighbor-up threshold
       k         1       0    neighbor-down threshold

The value for k in passive mode also specified incorrectly in RFC- 904, page 14 The values in parenthesis should read:

      (j = 1, k = 0, and T3/T1 = 4)

As an optimization, an implementation can refrain from sending a Hello command when a Poll is due. If an implementation does so, it SHOULD provide a user configurable option to disable this optimization.

Abort timer: RFC-904, pages 6, 12, 13

An EGP implementation MUST include support for the abort timer (as documented in section 4.1.4 of RFC-904). An implementation SHOULD use the abort timer in the Idle state to automatically issue a Start event to restart the protocol machine. Recommended values are P4 for a critical error (Administratively prohibited, Protocol Violation and Parameter Problem) and P5 for all others. The abort timer SHOULD NOT be started when a Stop event was manually initiated (such as through a network management protocol).

Cease command received in Idle state: RFC-904, page 13

When the EGP state machine is in the Idle state, it MUST reply to Cease commands with a Cease-ack response.

Hello Polling Mode: RFC-904, page 11

An EGP implementation MUST include support for both active and passive polling modes.

Neighbor Acquisition Messages: RFC-904, page 18

As noted the Hello and Poll Intervals should only be present in Request and Confirm messages. Therefore the length of an EGP Neighbor Acquisition Message is 14 bytes for a Request or Confirm message and 10 bytes for a Refuse, Cease or Cease-ack message. Implementations MUST NOT send 14 bytes for Refuse, Cease or Cease-ack messages but MUST allow for implementations that send 14 bytes for these messages.

Sequence Numbers: RFC-904, page 10

Response or indication packets received with a sequence number not equal to S MUST be discarded. The send sequence number S MUST be incremented just before the time a Poll command is sent and at no other times.


Next: F.2 ROUTING INFORMATION PROTOCOL - RIP

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
F.1.2 Protocol Walk-through

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