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6.3 UPDATE message error handling. Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
6.3 UPDATE message error handling.

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Next: 6.4 NOTIFICATION message error handling.

6.3 UPDATE message error handling.

6.3 UPDATE message error handling.

All errors detected while processing the UPDATE message are indicated by sending the NOTIFICATION message with Error Code UPDATE Message Error. The error subcode elaborates on the specific nature of the error.

Error checking of an UPDATE message begins by examining the path attributes. If the Unfeasible Routes Length or Total Attribute Length is too large (i.e., if Unfeasible Routes Length + Total Attribute Length + 23 exceeds the message Length), then the Error Subcode is set to Malformed Attribute List.

If any recognized attribute has Attribute Flags that conflict with the Attribute Type Code, then the Error Subcode is set to Attribute Flags Error. The Data field contains the erroneous attribute (type, length and value).

If any recognized attribute has Attribute Length that conflicts with the expected length (based on the attribute type code), then the Error Subcode is set to Attribute Length Error. The Data field contains the erroneous attribute (type, length and value).

If any of the mandatory well-known attributes are not present, then the Error Subcode is set to Missing Well-known Attribute. The Data field contains the Attribute Type Code of the missing well-known attribute.

If any of the mandatory well-known attributes are not recognized, then the Error Subcode is set to Unrecognized Well-known Attribute. The Data field contains the unrecognized attribute (type, length and value).

If the ORIGIN attribute has an undefined value, then the Error Subcode is set to Invalid Origin Attribute. The Data field contains the unrecognized attribute (type, length and value).

If the NEXT_HOP attribute field is syntactically incorrect, then the Error Subcode is set to Invalid NEXT_HOP Attribute. The Data field contains the incorrect attribute (type, length and value). Syntactic correctness means that the NEXT_HOP attribute represents a valid IP host address. Semantic correctness applies only to the external BGP links. It means that the interface associated with the IP address, as specified in the NEXT_HOP attribute, shares a common subnet with the receiving BGP speaker and is not the IP address of the receiving BGP speaker. If the NEXT_HOP attribute is semantically incorrect, the error should be logged, and the the route should be ignored. In this case, no NOTIFICATION message should be sent.

The AS_PATH attribute is checked for syntactic correctness. If the path is syntactically incorrect, then the Error Subcode is set to Malformed AS_PATH.

If an optional attribute is recognized, then the value of this attribute is checked. If an error is detected, the attribute is discarded, and the Error Subcode is set to Optional Attribute Error. The Data field contains the attribute (type, length and value).

If any attribute appears more than once in the UPDATE message, then the Error Subcode is set to Malformed Attribute List.

The NLRI field in the UPDATE message is checked for syntactic validity. If the field is syntactically incorrect, then the Error Subcode is set to Invalid Network Field.


Next: 6.4 NOTIFICATION message error handling.

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
6.3 UPDATE message error handling.

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