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4.4. BNF of Generic URI Syntax Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
4.4. BNF of Generic URI Syntax

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4.4. BNF of Generic URI Syntax

4.4. BNF of Generic URI Syntax

This is a BNF-like description of the URI syntax. at the level at which specific schemes are not considered.

A vertical line "|" indicates alternatives, and [brackets] indicate optional parts. Spaces are represented by the word "space", and the vertical line character by "vline". Single letters stand for single letters. All words of more than one letter below are entities described somewhere in this description.

The "generic" production gives a higher level parsing of the same URIs as the other productions. The "national" and "punctuation" characters do not appear in any productions and therefore may not appear in URIs.

     fragmentaddress        uri [ # fragmentid ]

     uri                    scheme :  path [ ? search ]

     scheme                 ialpha

     path                   void |  xpalphas  [  / path ]

     search                 xalphas [ + search ]

     fragmentid             xalphas

     xalpha                 alpha | digit | safe | extra | escape

     xalphas                xalpha [ xalphas ]

     xpalpha                xalpha | +

     xpalphas               xpalpha [ xpalpha ]

     ialpha                 alpha [ xalphas ]

     alpha                  a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k |
                            l | m | n | o  | p | q | r | s | t | u | v |
                            w | x | y | z | A | B | C  | D | E | F | G |
                            H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P |  Q | R |
                            S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

     digit                  0 |1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9

     safe                   $ | - | _ | @ | . | &

     extra                  ! | * | " |  ' | ( | ) | ,

     reserved               = | ; | / | # | ? | : | space

     escape                 % hex hex

     hex                    digit | a | b | c | d | e | f | A | B | C |
                            D | E | F

     national               { | } | vline | [ | ] | \ | ^ | ~

     punctuation            < | >

     void

      (end of URI BNF)


Next: 4.5. BNF for specific URL schemes

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
4.4. BNF of Generic URI Syntax

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