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9.2. Events causing interface state changes Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
9.2. Events causing interface state changes

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9.2. Events causing interface state changes

9.2. Events causing interface state changes

State changes can be effected by a number of events. These events are pictured as the labelled arcs in Figure 11. The label definitions are listed below. For a detailed explanation of the effect of these events on OSPF protocol operation, consult Section 9.3.

InterfaceUp

Lower-level protocols have indicated that the network interface is operational. This enables the interface to transition out of Down state. On virtual links, the interface operational indication is actually a result of the shortest path calculation (see Section 16.7).

WaitTimer

The Wait Timer has fired, indicating the end of the waiting period that is required before electing a (Backup) Designated Router.

BackupSeen

The router has detected the existence or non-existence of a Backup Designated Router for the network. This is done in one of two ways. First, an Hello Packet may be received from a neighbor claiming to be itself the Backup Designated Router. Alternatively, an Hello Packet may be received from a neighbor claiming to be itself the Designated Router, and indicating that there is no Backup Designated Router. In either case there must be bidirectional communication with the neighbor, i.e., the router must also appear in the neighbor's Hello Packet. This event signals an end to the Waiting state.

NeighborChange

There has been a change in the set of bidirectional neighbors associated with the interface. The (Backup) Designated Router needs to be recalculated. The following neighbor changes lead to the NeighborChange event. For an explanation of neighbor states, see Section 10.1.

  • Bidirectional communication has been established to a neighbor. In other words, the state of the neighbor has transitioned to 2-Way or higher.

  • There is no longer bidirectional communication with a neighbor. In other words, the state of the neighbor has transitioned to Init or lower.

  • One of the bidirectional neighbors is newly declaring itself as either Designated Router or Backup Designated Router. This is detected through examination of that neighbor's Hello Packets.

  • One of the bidirectional neighbors is no longer declaring itself as Designated Router, or is no longer declaring itself as Backup Designated Router. This is again detected through examination of that neighbor's Hello Packets.

  • The advertised Router Priority for a bidirectional neighbor has changed. This is again detected through examination of that neighbor's Hello Packets.

LoopInd

An indication has been received that the interface is now looped back to itself. This indication can be received either from network management or from the lower level protocols.

UnloopInd

An indication has been received that the interface is no longer looped back. As with the LoopInd event, this indication can be received either from network management or from the lower level protocols.

InterfaceDown

Lower-level protocols indicate that this interface is no longer functional. No matter what the current interface state is, the new interface state will be Down.


Next: 9.3. The Interface state machine

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
9.2. Events causing interface state changes

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