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1.5.2. Symmetric Encryption Algorithm Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
1.5.2. Symmetric Encryption Algorithm

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1.5.2. Symmetric Encryption Algorithm

1.5.2. Symmetric Encryption Algorithm

In support of data confidentiality, the use of the Data Encryption Standard (DES) in the Cipher Block Chaining mode of operation is chosen. The designated portion of a SNMPv2 message is encrypted and included as part of the message sent to the recipient.

Two organizations have published specifications defining the DES: the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) [5] and the American National Standards Institute [6]. There is a companion Modes of Operation specification for each definition (see [7] and [8], respectively).

The NIST has published three additional documents that implementors may find useful.

  • There is a document with guidelines for implementing and using the DES, including functional specifications for the DES and its modes of operation [9].

  • There is a specification of a validation test suite for the DES [10]. The suite is designed to test all aspects of the DES and is useful for pinpointing specific problems.

  • There is a specification of a maintenance test for the DES [11]. The test utilizes a minimal amount of data and processing to test all components of the DES. It provides a simple yes-or-no indication of correct operation and is useful to run as part of an initialization step, e.g., when a computer reboots.

The use of this algorithm in conjunction with the Symmetric Privacy Protocol (see Section 4) is identified by the ASN.1 object identifier value desPrivProtocol, defined in [4].

For any SNMPv2 party for which the privacy protocol is desPrivProtocol, the size of the private privacy key is 16 octets, of which the first 8 octets are a DES key and the second 8 octets are a DES Initialization Vector. The 64-bit DES key in the first 8 octets of the private key is a 56 bit quantity used directly by the algorithm plus 8 parity bits - arranged so that one parity bit is the least significant bit of each octet. The setting of the parity bits is ignored.

The length of the octet sequence to be encrypted by the DES must be an integral multiple of 8. When encrypting, the data should be padded at the end as necessary; the actual pad value is insignificant.

If the length of the octet sequence to be decrypted is not an integral multiple of 8 octets, the processing of the octet sequence should be halted and an appropriate exception noted. Upon decrypting, the padding should be ignored.


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1.5.2. Symmetric Encryption Algorithm

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