blank.gif (43 bytes)

Church Of The
Swimming Elephant

Search:
4.1.3.4 FTP Restart Mechanism Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
4.1.3.4 FTP Restart Mechanism

Up: Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
Up: Requests For Comments
Up: RFC 1123
Up: 4. FILE TRANSFER
Up: 4.1 FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL -- FTP
Up: 4.1.3 SPECIFIC ISSUES
Prev: 4.1.3.3 Concurrency of Data and Control
Next: 4.1.4 FTP/USER INTERFACE

4.1.3.4 FTP Restart Mechanism

4.1.3.4 FTP Restart Mechanism

The description of the 110 reply on pp. 40-41 of RFC-959 is incorrect; the correct description is as follows. A restart reply message, sent over the control connection from the receiving FTP to the User-FTP, has the format:

    110 MARK ssss = rrrr

Here:

  • ssss is a text string that appeared in a Restart Marker in the data stream and encodes a position in the sender's file system;

  • rrrr encodes the corresponding position in the receiver's file system.

The encoding, which is specific to a particular file system and network implementation, is always generated and interpreted by the same system, either sender or receiver.

When an FTP that implements restart receives a Restart Marker in the data stream, it SHOULD force the data to that point to be written to stable storage before encoding the corresponding position rrrr. An FTP sending Restart Markers MUST NOT assume that 110 replies will be returned synchronously with the data, i.e., it must not await a 110 reply before sending more data.

Two new reply codes are hereby defined for errors encountered in restarting a transfer:

554 Requested action not taken: invalid REST parameter.

A 554 reply may result from a FTP service command that follows a REST command. The reply indicates that the existing file at the Server-FTP cannot be repositioned as specified in the REST.

555 Requested action not taken: type or stru mismatch.

A 555 reply may result from an APPE command or from any FTP service command following a REST command. The reply indicates that there is some mismatch between the current transfer parameters (type and stru) and the attributes of the existing file.

DISCUSSION:

Note that the FTP Restart mechanism requires that Block or Compressed mode be used for data transfer, to allow the Restart Markers to be included within the data stream. The frequency of Restart Markers can be low.

Restart Markers mark a place in the data stream, but the receiver may be performing some transformation on the data as it is stored into stable storage. In general, the receiver's encoding must include any state information necessary to restart this transformation at any point of the FTP data stream. For example, in TYPE A transfers, some receiver hosts transform CR LF sequences into a single LF character on disk. If a Restart Marker happens to fall between CR and LF, the receiver must encode in rrrr that the transfer must be restarted in a "CR has been seen and discarded" state.

Note that the Restart Marker is required to be encoded as a string of printable ASCII characters, regardless of the type of the data.

RFC-959 says that restart information is to be returned "to the user". This should not be taken literally. In general, the User-FTP should save the restart information (ssss,rrrr) in stable storage, e.g., append it to a restart control file. An empty restart control file should be created when the transfer first starts and deleted automatically when the transfer completes successfully. It is suggested that this file have a name derived in an easily-identifiable manner from the name of the file being transferred and the remote host name; this is analogous to the means used by many text editors for naming "backup" files.

There are three cases for FTP restart.

  1. User-to-Server Transfer

    The User-FTP puts Restart Markers <ssss> at convenient places in the data stream. When the Server-FTP receives a Marker, it writes all prior data to disk, encodes its file system position and transformation state as rrrr, and returns a "110 MARK ssss = rrrr" reply over the control connection. The User-FTP appends the pair (ssss,rrrr) to its restart control file.

    To restart the transfer, the User-FTP fetches the last (ssss,rrrr) pair from the restart control file, repositions its local file system and transformation state using ssss, and sends the command "REST rrrr" to the Server-FTP.

  2. Server-to-User Transfer

    The Server-FTP puts Restart Markers <ssss> at convenient places in the data stream. When the User-FTP receives a Marker, it writes all prior data to disk, encodes its file system position and transformation state as rrrr, and appends the pair (rrrr,ssss) to its restart control file.

    To restart the transfer, the User-FTP fetches the last (rrrr,ssss) pair from the restart control file, repositions its local file system and transformation state using rrrr, and sends the command "REST ssss" to the Server-FTP.

  3. Server-to-Server ("Third-Party") Transfer

    The sending Server-FTP puts Restart Markers <ssss> at convenient places in the data stream. When it receives a Marker, the receiving Server-FTP writes all prior data to disk, encodes its file system position and transformation state as rrrr, and sends a "110 MARK ssss = rrrr" reply over the control connection to the User. The User-FTP appends the pair (ssss,rrrr) to its restart control file.

    To restart the transfer, the User-FTP fetches the last (ssss,rrrr) pair from the restart control file, sends "REST ssss" to the sending Server-FTP, and sends "REST rrrr" to the receiving Server-FTP.


Next: 4.1.4 FTP/USER INTERFACE

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
4.1.3.4 FTP Restart Mechanism

Cotse.Net

Protect yourself from cyberstalkers, identity thieves, and those who would snoop on you.
Stop spam from invading your inbox without losing the mail you want. We give you more control over your e-mail than any other service.
Block popups, ads, and malicious scripts while you surf the net through our anonymous proxies.
Participate in Usenet, host your web files, easily send anonymous messages, and more, much more.
All private, all encrypted, all secure, all in an easy to use service, and all for only $5.95 a month!

Service Details

 
.
www.cotse.com
Have you gone to church today?
.
All pages ©1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 Church of the Swimming Elephant unless otherwise stated
Church of the Swimming Elephant©1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 Cotse.com.
Cotse.com is a wholly owned subsidiary of Packetderm, LLC.

Packetderm, LLC
210 Park Ave #308
Worcester, MA 01609