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7.3. Processing responses Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
7.3. Processing responses

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7.3. Processing responses

7.3. Processing responses

The first step in processing arriving response datagrams is to parse the response. This procedure should include:

  • Check the header for reasonableness. Discard datagrams which are queries when responses are expected.

  • Parse the sections of the message, and insure that all RRs are correctly formatted.

  • As an optional step, check the TTLs of arriving data looking for RRs with excessively long TTLs. If a RR has an excessively long TTL, say greater than 1 week, either discard the whole response, or limit all TTLs in the response to 1 week.

The next step is to match the response to a current resolver request. The recommended strategy is to do a preliminary matching using the ID field in the domain header, and then to verify that the question section corresponds to the information currently desired. This requires that the transmission algorithm devote several bits of the domain ID field to a request identifier of some sort. This step has several fine points:

  • Some name servers send their responses from different addresses than the one used to receive the query. That is, a resolver cannot rely that a response will come from the same address which it sent the corresponding query to. This name server bug is typically encountered in UNIX systems.

  • If the resolver retransmits a particular request to a name server it should be able to use a response from any of the transmissions. However, if it is using the response to sample the round trip time to access the name server, it must be able to determine which transmission matches the response (and keep transmission times for each outgoing message), or only calculate round trip times based on initial transmissions.

  • A name server will occasionally not have a current copy of a zone which it should have according to some NS RRs. The resolver should simply remove the name server from the current SLIST, and continue.

Next: 7.4. Using the cache

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
7.3. Processing responses


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