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4.2.1. UDP usage Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
4.2.1. UDP usage

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4.2.1. UDP usage

4.2.1. UDP usage

Messages sent using UDP user server port 53 (decimal).

Messages carried by UDP are restricted to 512 bytes (not counting the IP or UDP headers). Longer messages are truncated and the TC bit is set in the header.

UDP is not acceptable for zone transfers, but is the recommended method for standard queries in the Internet. Queries sent using UDP may be lost, and hence a retransmission strategy is required. Queries or their responses may be reordered by the network, or by processing in name servers, so resolvers should not depend on them being returned in order.

The optimal UDP retransmission policy will vary with performance of the Internet and the needs of the client, but the following are recommended:

  • The client should try other servers and server addresses before repeating a query to a specific address of a server.

  • The retransmission interval should be based on prior statistics if possible. Too aggressive retransmission can easily slow responses for the community at large. Depending on how well connected the client is to its expected servers, the minimum retransmission interval should be 2-5 seconds.

More suggestions on server selection and retransmission policy can be found in the resolver section of this memo.

Next: 4.2.2. TCP usage

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
4.2.1. UDP usage


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