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6.1. C.ISI.EDU name server Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
6.1. C.ISI.EDU name server

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6.1. C.ISI.EDU name server

6.1. C.ISI.EDU name server

C.ISI.EDU is a name server for the root, MIL, and EDU domains of the IN class, and would have zones for these domains. The zone data for the root domain might be:

    .       IN      SOA     SRI-NIC.ARPA. HOSTMASTER.SRI-NIC.ARPA. (
                            870611          ;serial
                            1800            ;refresh every 30 min
                            300             ;retry every 5 min
                            604800          ;expire after a week
                            86400)          ;minimum of a day
                    NS      A.ISI.EDU.
                    NS      C.ISI.EDU.
                    NS      SRI-NIC.ARPA.

    MIL.    86400   NS      SRI-NIC.ARPA.
            86400   NS      A.ISI.EDU.

    EDU.    86400   NS      SRI-NIC.ARPA.
            86400   NS      C.ISI.EDU.

    SRI-NIC.ARPA.   A       26.0.0.73
                    A       10.0.0.51
                    MX      0 SRI-NIC.ARPA.
                    HINFO   DEC-2060 TOPS20

    ACC.ARPA.       A       26.6.0.65
                    HINFO   PDP-11/70 UNIX
                    MX      10 ACC.ARPA.

    USC-ISIC.ARPA.  CNAME   C.ISI.EDU.

    73.0.0.26.IN-ADDR.ARPA.  PTR    SRI-NIC.ARPA.
    65.0.6.26.IN-ADDR.ARPA.  PTR    ACC.ARPA.
    51.0.0.10.IN-ADDR.ARPA.  PTR    SRI-NIC.ARPA.
    52.0.0.10.IN-ADDR.ARPA.  PTR    C.ISI.EDU.
    103.0.3.26.IN-ADDR.ARPA. PTR    A.ISI.EDU.

    A.ISI.EDU. 86400 A      26.3.0.103
    C.ISI.EDU. 86400 A      10.0.0.52

This data is represented as it would be in a master file. Most RRs are single line entries; the sole exception here is the SOA RR, which uses "(" to start a multi-line RR and ")" to show the end of a multi-line RR. Since the class of all RRs in a zone must be the same, only the first RR in a zone need specify the class. When a name server loads a zone, it forces the TTL of all authoritative RRs to be at least the MINIMUM field of the SOA, here 86400 seconds, or one day. The NS RRs marking delegation of the MIL and EDU domains, together with the glue RRs for the servers host addresses, are not part of the authoritative data in the zone, and hence have explicit TTLs.

Four RRs are attached to the root node: the SOA which describes the root zone and the 3 NS RRs which list the name servers for the root. The data in the SOA RR describes the management of the zone. The zone data is maintained on host SRI-NIC.ARPA, and the responsible party for the zone is HOSTMASTER@SRI-NIC.ARPA. A key item in the SOA is the 86400 second minimum TTL, which means that all authoritative data in the zone has at least that TTL, although higher values may be explicitly specified.

The NS RRs for the MIL and EDU domains mark the boundary between the root zone and the MIL and EDU zones. Note that in this example, the lower zones happen to be supported by name servers which also support the root zone.

The master file for the EDU zone might be stated relative to the origin EDU. The zone data for the EDU domain might be:

    EDU.  IN SOA SRI-NIC.ARPA. HOSTMASTER.SRI-NIC.ARPA. (
                            870729 ;serial
                            1800 ;refresh every 30 minutes
                            300 ;retry every 5 minutes
                            604800 ;expire after a week
                            86400 ;minimum of a day
                            )
                    NS SRI-NIC.ARPA.
                    NS C.ISI.EDU.

    UCI 172800 NS ICS.UCI
                    172800 NS ROME.UCI
    ICS.UCI 172800 A 192.5.19.1
    ROME.UCI 172800 A 192.5.19.31

    ISI 172800 NS VAXA.ISI
                    172800 NS A.ISI
                    172800 NS VENERA.ISI.EDU.
    VAXA.ISI 172800 A 10.2.0.27
                    172800 A 128.9.0.33
    VENERA.ISI.EDU. 172800 A 10.1.0.52
                    172800 A 128.9.0.32
    A.ISI 172800 A 26.3.0.103

    UDEL.EDU.  172800 NS LOUIE.UDEL.EDU.
                    172800 NS UMN-REI-UC.ARPA.
    LOUIE.UDEL.EDU. 172800 A 10.0.0.96
                    172800 A 192.5.39.3

    YALE.EDU.  172800 NS YALE.ARPA.
    YALE.EDU.  172800 NS YALE-BULLDOG.ARPA.

    MIT.EDU.  43200 NS XX.LCS.MIT.EDU.
                      43200 NS ACHILLES.MIT.EDU.
    XX.LCS.MIT.EDU.  43200 A 10.0.0.44
    ACHILLES.MIT.EDU. 43200 A 18.72.0.8

Note the use of relative names here. The owner name for the ISI.EDU. is stated using a relative name, as are two of the name server RR contents. Relative and absolute domain names may be freely intermixed in a master


Next: 6.2. Example standard queries

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
6.1. C.ISI.EDU name server

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